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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (Vol9 No1 Spring2022- 2022) ::
J Child Ment Health 2022, 9(1): 141-157 Back to browse issues page
Structural Pattern of Social Skills of Children with Learning Disabilities Based on Attachment Styles with the Mediating Role of Academic Self -efficacy, Behavioral Problems, and Executive Functions
Mahdi Khoda Bakhsh1 , Hadi Hashemi Razini * 2, Robabeh Nouri Ghasemabadi2
1- Department of Psychology, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (277 Views)
Background and Purpose: Learning disabilities affect many aspects of a person's life, including social skills, and most children with poor social skills are depressed and isolated. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a structural pattern of social skills of children with learning disabilities based on attachment styles with the mediating role of academic self-efficacy, behavioral problems, and executive functions.
Method: The present study was an applied research in its objective and a survey-correlational study using structural equations in the method of gathering the data. A sample of 200 students with learning disabilities referred to Bujika Center for the Treatment of Learning Disabilities in Tehran in 2018-2019 was selected by convenience sampling. The Social Skills Rating System-Parents Version (Gresham & Elliott, 1990), the Kinship Center Attachment Questionnaire (Halpern & Kappenberg, 2006), the Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (Jinks & Morgan, 1999), the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (Rutter, 1967), and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functions (BRIEF; Gioia, Isquit, Guy, Kenworthy, 2000) were used to collect data. Research data were analyzed by structural equation modeling and mediation effect testing in the proposed model using the bootstrap method.
Results: The proposed model was found to fit the data. Results indicated that anxious and avoidant attachment styles and academic self-efficacy predicted social skills negatively and positively, respectively (p<0.05). Furthermore, results showed that academic self-efficacy mediates the relationship between anxious and avoidant attachment styles and social skills. Moreover, the findings indicated that the secure attachment style was indirectly effective on children with learning disabilities social skills due to the mediating role of executive functions, and this was statistically significant (p<0.01).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, academic self-efficacy, behavioral problems, and executive functions are mediators in the relationship between social skills and attachment styles in children with learning disabilities.
Article number: 9
Keywords: Social skills, attachment style, academic self-efficacy, learning disabilities
Full-Text [PDF 1841 kb]   (226 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/07/3 | Accepted: 2022/04/17 | Published: 2022/06/18
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Khoda Bakhsh M, Hashemi Razini H, Nouri Ghasemabadi R. Structural Pattern of Social Skills of Children with Learning Disabilities Based on Attachment Styles with the Mediating Role of Academic Self -efficacy, Behavioral Problems, and Executive Functions. J Child Ment Health 2022; 9 (1) :141-157
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Volume 9, Issue 1 (Vol9 No1 Spring2022- 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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