[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (Vol7 No2 Summer 2020- 2020) ::
J Child Ment Health 2020, 7(2): 280-293 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) on Self-Esteem and Resilience in Children and Adolescents with Divorced Parents
Zhara Mazaheri1 , Leila Saadat Mirsifi Fard * 2, Vahideh Mohamad Ali Vatankhah3 , Seyed Ali Darbani4
1- Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Iran
2- Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
3- Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
4- Science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3008 Views)
Background and Purpose: Parental divorce represents one of the most stressful events for children and adolescents and it has short-term and long-term economic, social, affective and emotional effects on them. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on fostering the self-esteem and resilience in children and adolescents with divorced parents.
Method: This research was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest control group and two-month follow-up design. The study population included twenty three 10-13-year-old male children and adolescents with divorced parents in Karaj in 2017. After screening with Self-Esteem Scale (Pepper, 1999) and Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale (2003), 20 of these students were selected by convenience sampling and then randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group. The experimental group received eight 90-min weekly sessions of compassion-focused therapy (Gilbert, 2009), while the control group underwent no intervention. Data were analyzed by repeated measure ANOVA.  
Results: Findings showed significant difference between the experimental and the control group in terms of self-esteem (F=5.67, p<0.02) and resilience (F=12.68, p=0.001) at the pretest, posttest and two-month follow-up stages.  
Conclusion: Whereas self-esteem and resilience have widespread effects on the quality of interpersonal relations, education, and adjustment of children and adolescents with divorced parents, based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the compassion-focused therapy increases the self-esteem and resilience of these children by modifying and increasing their interpersonal interactions.
Keywords: Compassion-focused, resilience, self-esteem, divorce
Full-Text [PDF 1062 kb]   (1473 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/08/15 | Accepted: 2018/12/31 | Published: 2020/09/21
1. Mashhadi Ali, Hosieni Yazdi S.A, Asemi Z, & Kimyaie S.A. The Effectiveness of CODIP on Improvement of Self-concept and Enhancement of Resilience in Children of Divorce.Quarterly Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015; 6(2): 48-58. [Persian]. ]Link[
2. Overbeek M.M, De Schipper J.C, Willemen A.M, Lamers-Winkelman F, & Schuengel C. Mediators and treatment factors in intervention for children exposed to interparental violence. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 2017; 46(3); 411-427. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1080/15374416.2015.1012720]
3. Kiviruusu O, Berg N, Huurre T, Aro H, Marttunen M, Haukkala A. Interpersonal Conflicts and Development of Self-Esteem from Adolescence to Mid-Adulthood. A 26-Year Follow-Up. PLoS One. 2016, 11(10); 1-29. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0164942]
4. Weaver J.M, Schofield T.J. Mediation and moderation of divorce effects on children's behavior Problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 2015, 29 (1): 39-48. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1037/fam0000043]
5. Kazemi Aliabad Z, Khosrojavid M. Effect of Role Play Training on Self-esteem and Adjustment of Students. JCMH. 2018; 5 (1):105-116. [Persian]. ]Link[
6. Halligan C, Chang I.J, Knox D. Positive effects of parental divorce on undergraduates. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 2014; 55 (7): 557-567. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1080/10502556.2014.950905]
7. Moshkani M, Nuori E, Lotfi M, Ebadinya G. Effect of Phonological Awareness on Improving Reading and Self-esteem of Students with Dyslexia. JCMH. 2017; 4 (3):107-118. [Persian]. ]Link[
8. Pedro-Carroll J.L. How parents can help children cope with separation/divorce. Encyclopedia on early childhood development.2011; Pp: 17-23.
9. Abel E.M, Chang-Canine U, Broussard K. A quasi-experimental evaluation of a school-based intervention for children experiencing family disruption. Journal of evidence-based social work, 2013; 10(2): 136-144. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1080/15433714.2012.663666]
10. Khabaz M, Bahjati Z, Naseri M. The relationship between social support and resiliency coping styles in adolescent boys. Journal of Applied Psychology, 2012; 5(4); 108-123. [Persian]. ]Link[
11. Hass M, Graydon K. Source of resiliency a mong successful foster youth. Children and youth services review, 2009; 31: 457-463. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2008.10.001]
12. Saadati N, Rostami M, Darbani S A. Comparing the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) on improving self-esteem and post-divorce adaptation in women. ijfp. 2017; 3 (2):45-58. [Persian]. ]Link[
13. Connolly M. E, Green E. J. Evidence-based counseling intervention with children of divorce: Implications for elementary school counselor. Journal of School Counseling, 2008; 7(26); 1-37. ]Link[
14. Navab M, Dehghani A, Salehi M. The Effectiveness of Compassion- Focused Group Therapy on Quality of Life and Change in the Goals and Priorities of Mothers of Children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder. JCMH. 2018; 5 (1):127-137. [Persian]. ]Link[
15. Gilbert P. The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2014; 53(1), 6-41. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1111/bjc.12043]
16. Neff K.D, Germer C. K. A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful selfcompassion program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2013; 69(1), 28-44. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1002/jclp.21923]
17. Tesh M, Learman J. Pulliam R.M. Mindful Self-Compassion Strategies for Survivors of Intimate Partner Abuse. Mindfulness, 2015; 6(2); 192-201. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1007/s12671-013-0244-4]
18. Taher-Karami Z, Hossieni O, Dasht-Bozorgi Z. The Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy on Resiliency, Self-discrepancy, Hope and Psychological Well-being of Menopausal Women in Ahvaz. Community Health. 2018; 5(3):189-97. ]Link[
19. Ghator Z, Pouryahya S M, Davarniya R, Salimi A, Shakarami M. The Effect of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) on Resiliency of Women with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Armaghane danesh. 2018; 23 (3). ]Link[.
20. Saeedi Z, Ghorbani N, Sarafraz M.R, Sharifian M.H. The effect of inducing self-compassion and self-esteem on the level of the experience of shame and guilt. Contemporary Psychology, 2013; 8(1): 91-102. ]Link[.
21. Trompetter H.R, Kleine E, Bohlmeijer E.T. Why Does Positive Mental Health Buffer Against Psychopathology? An Exploratory Study on Self-Compassion as a Resilience Mechanism and Adaptive Emotion Regulation Strategy. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 2017; 41(3); 459-468. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1007/s10608-016-9774-0]
22. Andersen B, Rasmussen P.H. Transdiagnostic group therapy for people with self- critic and low self esteem, based on compassion focused therapy principles. Journal of Compassionate Health Care, 2017: 4(14); 1-11. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1186/s40639-017-0043-1]
23. Hosogi M, Okada A, Fujii C, Noguchi K, Watanabe K. Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children. BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 2012; 6(9); 1-6. ]Link[. [DOI:10.1186/1751-0759-6-9]
24. Baezzat F, Saleh Sedghpour B. The comparison of self-esteem factors among students with dyslexia and normal students in third to fifth grades of primary schools of Tehran. Psychological Studies Faculty of Education and Psychology, 2009; 4(4); 65-80. ]Link[
25. Conner KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: The Conner-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depress Anxiety. 2003; 18(2):76-82. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1002/da.10113]
26. Bigdeli I, Najafy M, Rostami M. The Relation of Attachment Styles, Emotion Regulation, and Resilience to Well-being among Students of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2013; 13 (9):721-729. ]Link[
27. Compell-Sills L, Stein MB. Psychometric analysis and refinement of the Conner-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC): Validation of a 10 item measure of resilience. J Trauma Stress. 2007; 20(6): 1019- 1028.]Link [ [DOI:10.1002/jts.20271]
28. Keyhani M, Taghvaei D, Rajabi A, Amirpour B. Internal Consistency and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) among Nursing Female. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2015; 14 (10):857-865. [Persian]. ]Link[
29. Gilbert P. An introduction to compassion focused therapy. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 2009; 15,199-208. ]Link[ [DOI:10.1192/apt.bp.107.005264]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mazaheri Z, Mirsifi Fard L S, Mohamad Ali Vatankhah V, Darbani S A. Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) on Self-Esteem and Resilience in Children and Adolescents with Divorced Parents. J Child Ment Health. 2020; 7 (2) :280-293
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-622-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 7, Issue 2 (Vol7 No2 Summer 2020- 2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4422