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:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (Vol7 No2 Summer 2020- 2020) ::
J Child Ment Health 2020, 7(2): 280-293 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) on Self-Esteem and Resilience in Children and Adolescents with Divorced Parents
Zhara Mazaheri1 , Leila Saadat Mirsifi Fard * 2, Vahideh Mohamad Ali Vatankhah3 , Seyed Ali Darbani4
1- Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Iran
2- Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
3- Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
4- Science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1644 Views)
Background and Purpose: Parental divorce represents one of the most stressful events for children and adolescents and it has short-term and long-term economic, social, affective and emotional effects on them. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on fostering the self-esteem and resilience in children and adolescents with divorced parents.
Method: This research was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest control group and two-month follow-up design. The study population included twenty three 10-13-year-old male children and adolescents with divorced parents in Karaj in 2017. After screening with Self-Esteem Scale (Pepper, 1999) and Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale (2003), 20 of these students were selected by convenience sampling and then randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group. The experimental group received eight 90-min weekly sessions of compassion-focused therapy (Gilbert, 2009), while the control group underwent no intervention. Data were analyzed by repeated measure ANOVA.  
Results: Findings showed significant difference between the experimental and the control group in terms of self-esteem (F=5.67, p<0.02) and resilience (F=12.68, p=0.001) at the pretest, posttest and two-month follow-up stages.  
Conclusion: Whereas self-esteem and resilience have widespread effects on the quality of interpersonal relations, education, and adjustment of children and adolescents with divorced parents, based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the compassion-focused therapy increases the self-esteem and resilience of these children by modifying and increasing their interpersonal interactions.
Keywords: Compassion-focused, resilience, self-esteem, divorce
Full-Text [PDF 1062 kb]   (938 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/08/15 | Accepted: 2018/12/31 | Published: 2020/09/21
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Mazaheri Z, Mirsifi Fard L S, Mohamad Ali Vatankhah V, Darbani S A. Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) on Self-Esteem and Resilience in Children and Adolescents with Divorced Parents. J Child Ment Health. 2020; 7 (2) :280-293
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Volume 7, Issue 2 (Vol7 No2 Summer 2020- 2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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