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:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (Vol6 No1 Spring 2019 - 2019) ::
jcmh 2019, 6(1): 95-111 Back to browse issues page
Quality of Parent-Child and Sibling Relationships in Families of Children with Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Faeze Khodakarami Janbaz , Abbas Ali Hossein Khanzadeh, Abbas Abolghasemi
Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (735 Views)
Background and Purpose: Oppositional defiant disorder is one of the most common behavioral disorders in children, which causes severe destruction of the child's interpersonal relationships. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the parent-child and sibling relationships quality in families with and without children with symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder.
Method: The design of this research is a causal-comparative. The statistical population included all male and female students of elementary school (from grade three to six) with and without symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder in Rudsar in the academic year of 2017-2018, and the sample included 130 of them (65 students in each group) who were selected through convenient sampling method. The tools used for this research included the oppositional defiant disorder rating scale (Hommersen & et al, 2006), parent-child relationship scale (PCRS) (Fine & et al, 1983), sibling inventory of behavior (SIB) (Hetherington & et al, 1999), and clinical interview. Data were analyzed using t-test and multivariate analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between the group with and without symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder in terms of quality of father-child relationship, mother-child relationship, parent-child relationship, as well as the sibling relationships. The mean of group with symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder in each of these variables was significantly less than the group without symptoms of disorder (P <0.001).
Conclusion: The behaviors of a child with oppositional defiant disorder, mutually, lead to inappropriate parenting behaviors and conflicts between siblings, and, as a result, weaken the quality of relationships between family members.
Keywords: Oppositional defiant disorder, parent-child relationships, sibling relationships
Full-Text [PDF 761 kb]   (271 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/01/28 | Accepted: 2018/07/12 | Published: 2019/05/11
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Khodakarami Janbaz F, Hossein Khanzadeh A A, Abolghasemi A. Quality of Parent-Child and Sibling Relationships in Families of Children with Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder. jcmh. 2019; 6 (1) :95-111
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-402-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 1 (Vol6 No1 Spring 2019 - 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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