:: دوره 7، شماره 2 - ( دوره هفتم شماره دوم تابستان 1399 - 1399 ) ::
جلد 7 شماره 2 صفحات 144-155 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
تأثیر توانبخشی شناختی گروهی بر توانایی حل مسئله در دانش‌آموزان با اختلال نارسایی توجه / فزون کنشی
تینا محمدی ، غلامعلی افروز
دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
چکیده:   (130 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: پژوهش­ها نشان دادند که یکی از مشکلات اصلی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نارسایی­توجه/ فزون­کنشی، مشکلات آنها در مهارت­های حل مسئله در موقعیت­های مختلف است. شیوه­های مختلفی برای درمان و توانبخشی این کودکان به کار رفته است، اما این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تأثیر توانبخشی شناختی گروهی بر توانایی حل مسئله دانش‌آموزان با اختلال نارسایی توجه­/­فزون­کنشی انجام شد.
روش: روش این پژوهش، نیمه­آزمایشی با طرح پیش ­آزمون پس­ آزمون با گروه گواه بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را تمامی دانش‌آموزان ابتدایی مبتلا به اختلال نارسایی توجه­/ ­فزون­کنشی منطقه 12 شهر تهران در نیمه اول سال تحصیلی 1397-1396 تشکیل می­دادند که تعداد 30 نفر از آنها به روش نمونه­ گیری در دسترس بر حسب شرایط ورود و خروج از نمونه، و در دو گروه آزمایش (15 نفر) و گواه (15 نفر) جایدهی شدند. گروه آزمایش 10 جلسه 30- 45 دقیقه آموزش گروهی توانبخشی شناختی را دریافت کردند، ولی گروه گواه این مداخله را دریافت نکرده است. به منظور گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه علائم مرضی کودکان (اسپیرافکین و گادو، 1994) و آزمون برج لندن (شالیس، 1982) استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­‌ها با آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس تک­متغیره انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل داده­ها نشان داد توانبخشی شناختی مبتنی گروهی، تأثیر معناداری بر بهبود توانایی حل مسئله در دانش‌آموزان با اختلال نارسایی توجه­/ ­­فزون­کنشی داشت (0/01P<).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه مبنی بر تأثیر توانبخشی شناختی مبتنی بر آموزش گروهی بر مهارت­های حل مسئله در دانش‌آموزان با نارسایی توجه­/­ فزون­کنشی می­توان نتیجه ­گیری کرد که این شیوه درمانی با تقویت مناطق مغزی مربوط به توجه و تمرکز باعث بهبود عملکرد این کودکان در حیطه ­های مختلف تحصیلی و رفتاری می­شود.
واژه‌های کلیدی: گروه‌درمانی توانبخشی شناختی، حل مسئله، نارسایی توجه / فزون کنشی
متن کامل [PDF 894 kb]   (88 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1398/3/5 | پذیرش: 1398/12/14 | انتشار: 1399/6/31
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دوره 7، شماره 2 - ( دوره هفتم شماره دوم تابستان 1399 - 1399 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها