:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Vol8 No2 Summer 2021- 2021) ::
J Child Ment Health 2021, 8(2): 46-61 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of the Five Senses Enhancement Training on Cognitive Ability and Social Skills of Students with Mathematical Learning Disabilities
Malakeh Sadat Sayedie1 , Samaneh Sadat Tabatabaee * 2, Toktam Sadat Tabatabaee2 , Fatemeh Shahabizadeh2
1- Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (1217 Views)
Background and Purpose: A specific learning disability is a disorder that interferes with a student’s ability to listen, think, speak, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations. Students with a specific learning disability may struggle with reading, writing, or math. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the five senses enhancement training (5-SET) on cognitive ability and social skills of students with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD).
Method: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest-follow-up design with control group. The statistical population included all students referred to the Learning Problems Center of Ferdows City in the 2019-20 academic year. A sample of 30 students was selected by purposive sampling and randomly assigned in the control and experimental groups. Then, the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) (2003) was performed, and the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters (1983) and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (Givia et al., 2000) were used as data collection instruments in two phases of pretest and posttest. The experimental group received the 5-SET for ten 70-minutes-sessions, while the control group underwent no interventions. Then, both groups were assessed as the posttest. Finally, the follow-up phase was performed after two months. Data were analyzed by the one-way analysis of covariance in the SPSS statistics-23 software.
Results: The results of the data analysis showed that the effect of the group on the combination of cognitive ability variables (F = 149.942, p <0.001, effect size = 0.847) and social skills (F = 126.809, P <0.001, effect size = 0.824) is significant in students with learning disabilites.
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study the 5-SET can be used as an effective intervention on the cognitive ability and social skills of students with MLD.
Article number: 4
Keywords: Five senses, cognitive ability, social skills, learning disability
Full-Text [PDF 1093 kb]   (656 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/03/1 | Accepted: 2021/05/24 | Published: 2021/09/18
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Volume 8, Issue 2 (Vol8 No2 Summer 2021- 2021) Back to browse issues page