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:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (Vol8 No4 Winter 2022- 2021) ::
J Child Ment Health 2021, 8(4): 16-28 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Biofeedback on Improving Reading Performance and Visual-Motor Perception in Children with Dyslexia
Nazanin Abbasi Fashami * 1, Bahman Akbari2 , Abbas Ali Hosseinkhanzadeh3
1- Ph.D. Student، Department oF Psychology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
2- Professor، Department of Psychology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
3- Invited Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran and Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan. Rast, Iran and
Abstract:   (832 Views)
Background and Purpose: Dyslexia as a common developmental disorder in childhood can seriously impair the educational process of students and according to the previous studies, biofeedback can help these children manage those issues. This study sought to investigate the effectiveness of biofeedback on improving reading performance and visual-motor perception in children with dyslexia.
Method: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest and a control group design. The statistical population included all 8-12 year old male students with dyslexia referred to learning disorders centers in the 3rd district of Tehran in 2019; from which 24 people were selected by the available sampling method according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n=12) and the control group (n=12). Instruments used in this study included the Reading and Dyslexia Test (Nema) (Kormi Nouri and Moradi, 2005) and the Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test (Bender, 1938). The intervention group underwent 30 sessions of 45-minutes biofeedback intervention program, while the control group received only the usual training of learning disorders centers. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance in the SPSS-22 software.
Results: The results of data analysis showed that biofeedback improved the reading performance of children with dyslexia. This method reduced the shape error, composition eror, rotation error, continuity error, and thus improved the visual-motor perception of children with dyslexia (p <0.01). 
Conclusion: Biofeedback method can use the principles of factor conditioning learning to change and improve brain waves, strengthen self-regulation skills, improve brain function and thus improve reading performance and visual-motor perception in children with dyslexia.
Article number: 2
Keywords: Biofeedback, reading performance, visual-motor perception, dyslexia
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/15 | Accepted: 2021/11/2 | Published: 2022/02/13
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Abbasi Fashami N, Akbari B, Hosseinkhanzadeh A A. The Effectiveness of Biofeedback on Improving Reading Performance and Visual-Motor Perception in Children with Dyslexia. J Child Ment Health. 2021; 8 (4) :16-28
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-1195-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 4 (Vol8 No4 Winter 2022- 2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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