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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (Vol9 No4 Winter 2023- 2023) ::
J Child Ment Health 2023, 9(4): 90-104 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Attributional Styles and Academic Optimism of Students
Zabihollah Moosavian * 1, Masumeh Mohammadi2 , Niloofar Sarlak3 , Golnaz Ghodrat4
1- Payam Noor University, Bushehr, Iran
2- Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
3- Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabaee University, Tehran, Iran
4- Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Lorestan University, Khorram Abad, Iran
Abstract:   (1214 Views)
Background and Purpose: Students' academic success and failure is one of the most important events during their studies that has short-term and long-term social and emotional effects on them. Accordingly, the present study was conducted with the aim of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on attributional styles and academic optimism of students.
Method: The present study was a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with a control group and a follow-up stage. The statistical population consisted of all male high school students in Qazvin in the academic year 1399-1400, in which 40 students were selected by cluster sampling and after matching were placed in two experimental and control groups. Research instruments included the Academic Optimism Questionnaire (Tschenen-Moran et al., 2013) and the Attribution Styles Questionnaire (Peterson and Seligman, 1984). The experimental group received therapeutic interventions related to cognitive therapy based on mindfulness. Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy was effective on the components of attributional styles (P<0.01) and the variables of academic optimism (P<0.01) and these results continued in the follow-up period (P<0.01).
Conclusion: Students who were influenced by cognitive-based mindfulness attributed positive events more to internal, stable and general causes and negative events more to external, unstable and specific causes. Mindfulness can also be effective in promoting optimism by providing a framework for interpreting life experiences, being in the "here and now", a sense of cohesiveness and existential cohesion, and student confidence.
Article number: 7
Keywords: Cognitive therapy based on mindfulness, attributional styles, academic optimism, students
Full-Text [PDF 1198 kb]   (338 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/04/26 | Accepted: 2022/10/17 | Published: 2023/03/4
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Moosavian Z, Mohammadi M, Sarlak N, Ghodrat G. The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Attributional Styles and Academic Optimism of Students. J Child Ment Health 2023; 9 (4) : 7
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-1134-en.html

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Volume 9, Issue 4 (Vol9 No4 Winter 2023- 2023) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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