[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Open Access
Registered in
Indexing and Abstracting
:: Volume 6, Issue 2 (Vol6 No2 Summer 2019 - 2019) ::
J Child Ment Health 2019, 6(2): 81-92 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Sexual Education on Mothers' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Responding to their Daughters' Questions
Fatemeh Goli * 1, Naser Mohammadi Ahmad Abadi2
1- Faculty of Humanities, Taft Branch, Payame Noor University, Yazd, Iran
2- Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Taft Branch, Payame Noor University, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (5303 Views)
Background and Purpose: Sexual education is a very important educational issue. Mothers' knowledge, attitude, and practice play the most important roles in shaping healthy sexual behaviors in their children. In this regard, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of the educational intervention on mothers' responding to the sexual questions asked by their sixth grade daughters.     
Method: This research was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. The sample consisted of 30 mothers with daughters studying at grade 6 of primary school at Dist. 2 of Karaj in 2016-2017. The participants were assigned randomly to either the experimental or control group (15 individuals per group). Questionnaire of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Sexual Education (Mostofi et al., 2016) was used to collect the data. The mothers in the experimental group underwent 9 weeks of sexual education (11 hours per week). Univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance were used to analyze the data.  
Results: results showed that after statistically controlling the effect of pretest, a significant difference was found between the experimental and control group in terms of knowledge, attitude, and practice (P <0.05).  
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that mothers' sexual education can empower them in responding to the sexual questions of their adolescent daughters and can improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice it this regard. Therefore, considering the insufficient information of parents, especially mothers, in answering the sexual questions of their adolescents, it seems necessary to provide some strategies and trainings for enhancing the mothers' knowledge and changing their attitude.   
Keywords: Knowledge, attitude, practice, sexual education, adolescent
Full-Text [PDF 699 kb]   (2823 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/06/11 | Accepted: 2018/12/7 | Published: 2019/08/11
1. Abolghasemi N, MerghatiKhoei E, Taghdissi H. Teachers' perceptions of sex education of primary school children. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research. 2010; 8(2): 27-39. [Persian]. [Link]
2. Hébert M, Moreau C, Blais M, Lavoie F, Guerrier M. Child sexual abuse as a risk factor for teen dating violence: findings from a representative sample of quebec youth. J Child Adolesc Trauma. 2017; 10(1): 51-61. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s40653-016-0119-7]
3. Mirzaii Nagmabadi K, Babazadeh R, Shariati M, Mousavi SA. Iranian adolescent girls and sexual and reproductive health information and services: a qualitative study. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility. 2014; 17(92): 9-18. [Persian]. [Link]
4. Allen B, Timmer SG, Urquiza AJ. Parent-child interaction therapy for sexual concerns of maltreated children: a preliminary investigation. Child Abuse Negl. 2016; 56: 80-88. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.04.008]
5. Turnbull T, Van Wersch A, van Schaik P. Parents as educators of sex and relationship education: The role for effective communication in British families. Health Educ J. 2011; 70(3): 240-248. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0017896911398817]
6. Merghati-Khoei E, Abolghasemi N, Smith TG. Children are sexually innocent": Iranian parents' understanding of children's sexuality. Arch Sex Behav. 2014; 43(3): 587-595. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10508-013-0218-6]
7. World Health Organization. Adolescents: health risks and solutions [Internet]. [cited 2019 Feb 12]. Available from: [Link]
8. Shirzadi S, Shojaeezadeh D, Taghdisi MH, Hosseini AF. The effect of education based on health belief model on promotion of physical puberty health among teen girls in welfare boarding centers in Tehran. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research. 2012; 10(2): 59-71. [Persian]. [Link]
9. Robinson KH, Smith E, Davies C. Responsibilities, tensions and ways forward: parents' perspectives on children's sexuality education. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning. 2017; 17(3): 333-347. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/14681811.2017.1301904]
10. Murphy NA, Elias ER. Sexuality of children and adolescents with developmental disabilities. Pediatrics. 2006; 118(1): 398-403. [Link] [DOI:10.1542/peds.2006-1115]
11. Khanjari S, Bastani F, Kamalinahad R, Hosseini AF. Prevention of child sexual abuse: parents' knowledge, attitudes and practices. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2014; 27(89): 12-20. [Persian]. [Link] [DOI:10.29252/ijn.27.89.12]
12. Ganji J, Emamian MH, Maasoumi R, Keramat A, Khoei EM. The existing approaches to sexuality education targeting children: a review article. Iran J Public Health. 2017; 46(7): 890-898. [Link]
13. Vasconcelos SD, Toskin I, Cooper B, Chollier M, Stephenson R, Blondeel K, et al. Behaviour change techniques in brief interventions to prevent HIV, STI and unintended pregnancies: A systematic review. Plos One. 2018; 13(9): e0204088. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0204088]
14. Alquaiz AM, Almuneef MA, Minhas HR. Knowledge, attitudes, and resources of sex education among female adolescents in public and private schools in Central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2012; 33(9): 1001-1009. [Link]
15. Vanderberg RH, Farkas AH, Miller E, Sucato GS, Akers AY, Borrero SB. Racial and/or ethnic differences in formal sex education and sex education by parents among young women in the United States. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2016; 29(1): 69-73. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jpag.2015.06.011]
16. Kenny MC. Child sexual abuse education with ethnically diverse families: A preliminary analysis. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2010; 32(7): 981-989. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.03.025]
17. Aboul-Hagag KE-S, Hamed AF. Prevalence and pattern of child sexual abuse reported by cross sectional study among the University students, Sohag University, Egypt. Egypt J Forensic Sci. 2012; 2(3): 89-96. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ejfs.2012.05.001]
18. Ghorbani M, Zamani-Alavijeh F, Shahry P, Zare K, Marashi T. Understanding childhood's sexual curiosity: an introduction to sexual health education and health promotion. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2015; 3(3): 198-210. [Persian]. [Link]
19. Mellanby AR, Phelps FA, Crichton NJ, Tripp JH. School sex education: an experimental programme with educational and medical benefit. BMJ. 1995; 311(7002): 414-417. [Link] [DOI:10.1136/bmj.311.7002.414]
20. Shariati M, Babazadeh R, Mousavi SA, Najmabadi KM. Iranian adolescent girls' barriers in accessing sexual and reproductive health information and services: a qualitative study. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2014; 40(4): 270-275. [Link] [DOI:10.1136/jfprhc-2013-100856]
21. Vaghari Zemehrir Z, Hejazi Z, Abiri S, Saedi Rezvani M. The attitudes and actions of parents in sex education of children. Family and Sexual Education Conference. Mashhad: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad; 2015. [Persian]. [Link]
22. Mostofi N, Garmaroudi G, Shamshiri A, Shakibazadeh E. Effect of group education on knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers of adolescent girls about sex education. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research. 2016; 14(3): 45-59. [Persian]. [Link]
23. Mobredi K, Hasanpoor-Azghady SB, Azin SA, Haghani H, Farahani LA. Effect of the sexual education program on the knowledge and attitude of preschoolers' mothers. J Clin Diagn Res. 2018; 12(6): 6-9. [Link] [DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2018/32702.11616]
24. Rashid k, Hosseini Nazarlou M. Investigating the effect of sex education on enhancing parents' sexual knowledge and their sense of competence. Journal of Instruction and Evaluation. 2017; 10(37): 143-162. [Persian]. [Link]
25. Azzizadeh Forouzi M, Baneshi R, Iranmanesh S. Developing patient education questionnaire in Iranian culture. Journal of Community Health Research. 2013; 2(1): 39-49. [Persian]. [Link]
26. Grossman JM, Jenkins LJ, Richer AM. Parents' perspectives on family sexuality communication from middle school to high school. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018; 15(1): 107. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/ijerph15010107]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Goli F, Mohammadi Ahmad Abadi N. The Effect of Sexual Education on Mothers' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Responding to their Daughters' Questions. J Child Ment Health 2019; 6 (2) :81-92
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-542-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 6, Issue 2 (Vol6 No2 Summer 2019 - 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 43 queries by YEKTAWEB 4645