[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (Vol6 No3 Fall 2019 - 2019) ::
jcmh 2019, 6(3): 112-125 Back to browse issues page
A Comparison of the Effect of Positive Existential Therapy and Iranian-Islamic Positive Therapy on Affective Capital of Female Students with Social Anxiety
Sara Madadi Zavareh, Mohsen Golparvar , Asghar Aghaei
Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (3047 Views)
Background and Purpose: Affective capital is one of the most new constructs that can substantially help female students to overcome their problems. This study was conducted to compare the effect of positive existential therapy and Iranian-Islamic positive therapy on the affective capital of female students with social anxiety.
Method: This study was a semi-experimental research with three group two stage (pre-test and post-test) design. The sample consisted of forty five 15-18 year old female students with social anxiety studying at the 2nd grade of secondary school in Ardestan in 2017. They were randomly assigned to three groups (two experimental and one control group). Social anxiety questionnaire (Connor et al., 2000) and affective capital questionnaire (Golparvar, 2016) were used to measure the dependent variables at the pretest and post-test. The positive existential therapy group received 10 sessions of treatment, Iranian-Islamic positive therapy group received 11 sessions of treatment, and the control group received no treatment. The data were analyzed by analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed that there was significant difference in the pretest and posttest score of positive existential therapy group, Iranian-Islamic positive therapy group, and control group in terms of affective capital and its three components; i.e. positive affection, feeling of energy, and happiness (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, it seems that because of helping the girls with social anxiety to cope with their anxiety, positive existential therapy and Iranian-Islamic positive treatment can improve the affective capital of these girls.
Keywords: Social anxiety, affective capital, positive existential therapy, Iranian-Islamic positive treatment, female students
Full-Text [PDF 1015 kb]   (286 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/07/19 | Accepted: 2018/12/13 | Published: 2019/11/9
1. Asakura S. Diagnosis and treatment of social anxiety disorder. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. 2015; 117(6): 413-430. [Link]
2. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). Fifth edition. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2013, pp: 111-131. [Link] [DOI:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596]
3. Cruz ELD da, Martins PD de C, Diniz PRB. Factors related to the association of social anxiety disorder and alcohol use among adolescents: a systematic review. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2017; 93(5): 442-451. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jpedp.2017.06.001]
4. Alkozei A, Cooper PJ, Creswell C. Emotional reasoning and anxiety sensitivity: associations with social anxiety disorder in childhood. J Affect Disord. 2014; 152-154: 219-228. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2013.09.014]
5. Bandelow B, Michaelis S. Epidemiology of anxiety disorders in the 21st century. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2015; 17(3): 327-335. [Link]
6. Zarafshan H, Mohammadi MR, Salmanian M. Prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents in Iran: A systematic review. Iran J Psychiatry. 2015; 10(1): 1-7. [Link]
7. McAleavey AA, Castonguay LG, Goldfried MR. Clinical experiences in conducting cognitive behavioral therapy for social phobia. Behav Ther. 2014; 45(1): 21-35. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2013.09.008]
8. Dryman MT, Gardner S, Weeks JW, Heimberg RG. Social anxiety disorder and quality of life: How fears of negative and positive evaluation relate to specific domains of life satisfaction. J Anxiety Disord. 2016; 38: 1-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.12.003]
9. Hofmann SG, Wu JQ, Boettcher H. Effect of cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders on quality of life: a meta-analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2014; ‌ 82(3): ‌375-391. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/a0035491]
10. Enayati M, Golparvar M. The relationship between affective-collective investment with psychological wellbeing due to the role of affective capital among nurses. Management Strategies in Health System. 2018; 3(1): 69-79. [Persian]. [Link]
11. Karowski L, Garratt GM, Ilardi SS. On the integration of cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression and positive psychology. J Cogn Psychother. 2006; 20(2): 159-170. [Link] [DOI:10.1891/jcop.20.2.159]
12. Seligman MEP, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. Am Psychol. 2000; 55(1): 5-14. [Link] [DOI:10.1037//0003-066X.55.1.5]
13. Seligman MEP, Rashid T, Parks AC. Positive psychotherapy. Am Psychol. 2006; 61(8): 774-788. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.61.8.774]
14. Farnam A, Madadizade T. Effect of positive training on positive psychological states (character strengths) of female high school students. Positive Psychology Research 2017; 3(1):61-76. [Persian] [Link]
15. Honarmand Zadeh R, Sajjadian I. Effectiveness of positive group intervention on psychological wellbeing, resiliency and happiness of foster care adolescent girls. Positive Psychology. 2016; 2(2): 35-50. [Persian]. [Link]
16. Noferesty A, Roshan R, Fata L, Hassan Abadi HR, Pasandideh A, Shaeiri mohhamad R. The effectiveness of positive thinking intervention program on happiness and irrational beliefs of delinquent adolescents M. Positive Psychology. 2015; 1(1): 1-18. [Persian]. [Link]
17. Roth RA, Suldo SM, Ferron JM. Improving middle school students' subjective wellbeing: efficiency of a multicomponent positive psychology intervention targeting small groups of youth. School Psych Rev. 2017; 46(1): 21-41. [Link] [DOI:10.17105/10.17105/SPR46-1.21-41]
18. Sin NL, Lyubomirsky S. Enhancing well-being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: a practice-friendly meta-analysis. J Clin Psychol. 2009; 65(5): 467-487. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/jclp.20593]
19. Rashid T, Anjum A. Positive psychotherapy for young adults and children. In: Abela JRZ, Hankin BL, editor. Handbook of depression in children and adolescents. New York, NY, US: Guilford Press; 2008, pp: 250-287. [Link]
20. Seligman MEP, Parks AC, Steen T. A balanced psychology and a full life. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2004; 359(1449): 1379-1381. [Link] [DOI:10.1098/rstb.2004.1513]
21. Alfano CA, Beidel DC, Turner SM. Cognitive correlates of social phobia among children and adolescents. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2006; 34(2): 182-194. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10802-005-9012-9]
22. Wong PTP. Meaning therapy: an integrative and positive existential psychotherapy. J Contemp Psychother. 2010; 40(2): 85-93. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10879-009-9132-6]
23. Passmore H-A, Howell AJ. Eco-existential positive psychology: experiences in nature, existential anxieties, and well-being. J Humanist Psychol. 2014; 42(4): 370-388. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/08873267.2014.920335]
24. Hoffman, L., Vallejos, L., Cleare-Hoffman, H. P., & Rubin, S. Emotion, relationship, and meaning as core existential practice: Evidence-based foundations. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 1-10. [Link]
25. Jamshidian QalehShahi P, Aghaei A, Golparvar M. Comparing the effect of Iranian positive therapy and acceptance -commitment therapy on depression, anxiety and stress of infertile women in Isfahan city. Journal of Health Promotion Management. 2017; 6‌ (5): 8-16. [Persian]. [Link] [DOI:10.21859/jhpm-07032]
26. Taha AA, El-shereef EA, Abdullah TIM, Abdullah RIM, Aldahasi WAM. Social anxiety disorder and its correlates among female students at Taif University, Saudi Arabia. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2017; 5(2): 50-56. [Link] [DOI:10.12691/rpbs-5-2-3]
27. Ebrahiminejad S, Poursharifi H, Bakhshiour Roodsari A, Zeinodini Z, Noorbakhsh S. The effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on Iranian female adolescents suffering from social anxiety. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016; 18(11): e25116. [Link] [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.25116]
28. Connor KM, Davidson JR, Churchill LE, Sherwood A, Foa E, Weisler RH. Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scale. Br J Psychiatry. 2000; 176: 379-386. [Link] [DOI:10.1192/bjp.176.4.379]
29. Mokhber Dezfooli A, Rezaee M, Ghazanfari F, Mirdrikavand F, Gholamrezae S, Moazzeni T, et al. Modeling of social phobia according to emotional and cognitive components and gender: applying of path analysis. Journal of Psychological Studies. 2015; 11(3): 29-52. [Persian]. [Link]
30. Golparvar M, Zareiy M. The effect of job success training on affective capital and flow at work in Hemophilic patients. Journal of Health Based Research. 2018; 3(4): 309-322. [Persian]. [Link]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Madadi Zavareh S, Golparvar M, Aghaei A. A Comparison of the Effect of Positive Existential Therapy and Iranian-Islamic Positive Therapy on Affective Capital of Female Students with Social Anxiety. jcmh. 2019; 6 (3) :112-125
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-587-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 3 (Vol6 No3 Fall 2019 - 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4162