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:: Volume 7, Issue 4 (Vol7 No4 Winter 2021- 2021) ::
J Child Ment Health 2021, 7(4): 61-75 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effectiveness of Mindfulness Therapy, Neurofeedback and Therapy Based on SPARK Perceptual-Motor Exercises on the Difficulty of Emotion Regulation in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Zahra Bot Shekan1 , Yousef Gorji * 2, Hamid Zahedi3 , Zohreh Raisi1 , Hossein Zarrin4
1- Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran And Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr, Iran
3- Department of Sport Science, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
4- Department of Psychology, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr, Iran
Abstract:   (964 Views)
Background and Purpose: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood that affects a wide range of functions, including emotion regulation. This study aimed to compare and determine the effectiveness of mindfulness therapy, neurofeedback and therapy based on SPARK perceptual-motor exercises on emotion regulation in children with ADHD.
Method: This study was a quasi-experimental research with control group design, including pre-test, post-test, and follow-up. The study population included all children with ADHD in Isfahan during April to September 2019, among them 60 were selected by purposive sampling and then randomly assigned to any of the four groups: mindfulness therapy, neurofeedback, therapy based on SPARK perceptual-motor exercises, and the control group. The experimental groups underwent the therapies for 10 weeks, while the control group received no intervention. To collect the data, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale of Bunford et al. (34) was used. The collected data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA in SPSS.
Results: The findings showed that in the post-test phase, there was a significant difference between the experimental groups and the control group (p<0.01). Comparing the groups, it was found that mindfulness intervention was more effective than neurofeedback (p <0.05), but no significant difference was observed between mindfulness therapy and SPARK (p> 0.05). Also, findings of the follow-up phase showed that the effectiveness endured in the mindfulness and SPARK groups (p<0.01) but the effect of neurofeedback decreased over time (p> 0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be stated that mindfulness and the therapy based on SPARK perceptual-motor exercises reduce the difficulty in emotion regulation through increasing the clarity and acceptance of emotions and regulating the nervous connections respectively.
Keywords: Mindfulness, neurofeedback, SPARK perceptual-motor exercises, emotion regulation, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/03/11 | Accepted: 2020/08/26 | Published: 2021/03/13
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Bot Shekan Z, Gorji Y, Zahedi H, Raisi Z, Zarrin H. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Mindfulness Therapy, Neurofeedback and Therapy Based on SPARK Perceptual-Motor Exercises on the Difficulty of Emotion Regulation in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). J Child Ment Health. 2021; 7 (4) :61-75
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-973-en.html


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Volume 7, Issue 4 (Vol7 No4 Winter 2021- 2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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