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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (Vol9 No4 Winter 2023- 2023) ::
J Child Ment Health 2023, 9(4): 45-59 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Self-Compassion Training on the Self-Esteem and Perceived Stress of Mothers of Children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder
Alireza Mohammadi Sangachin Doost1 , Abbas Ali Hosseinkhanzadeh * 2, Maryam Kousha3 , Ashkan Naseh4
1- Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Kavosh Cognitive Behavior Sciences and Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (631 Views)
Background and Purpose: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent childhood disorder that can result in a range of difficulties for the individual, as well as their peers, teachers, and parents, across various educational, social, and familial settings. The disorder is characterized by impulsive, hyperactive, and attention deficit behaviors. The current investigation aimed to assess the efficacy of self-compassion training on the self-esteem and perceived stress of mothers of children with ADHD.
 Method: The present study employed a quasi-experimental methodology utilizing a pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The statistical population consisted of mothers of 5–11 year old boys and girls diagnosed with ADHD in Rasht City during the 2020–2021 academic year. The research sample consisted of 28 mothers who were selected from the aforementioned statistical population using the convenience sampling method. These participants were then randomly assigned to either the experimental or control groups The experimental group underwent an 8-weekly session of the compassion training program, while the control group did not receive any intervention during this period of time. The control group was only engaged in meetings where they were asked questions that were not related to the domain of compassion. The study involved the assessment of two groups using Sorensen's Self-Esteem Questionnaire (2006) and Cohen et al.'s Perceived Stress Questionnaire (1983) during the pre-test and post-test stages. The data analysis was also analyzed by independent t-test with differential scores and SPSS26 software.
 Results: The post-test stage of the compassion training intervention showed that the experimental group's self-esteem scores significantly increased (t=-11.571, P<0.001) and its perceived stress levels were reduced (t=-9.642, P<0.001).
Conclusion: The results showed that compassion training, emphasizing components such as self-kindness during stress and hardships, human commonality, mindfulness, and being present at the moment, as well as being in peer groups, leads to improved levels of self-esteem and decreased perceived stress of mothers of children with ADHD. Therefore, it can be implemented as one of the parent education axes by professionals in various fields.
Article number: 4
Keywords: Attention deficit /hyperactivity disorder, self-compassion, self-esteem, perceived stress, mothers
Full-Text [PDF 1630 kb]   (286 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/01/26 | Accepted: 2023/02/23 | Published: 2023/04/24
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Mohammadi Sangachin Doost A, Hosseinkhanzadeh A A, Kousha M, Naseh A. The Effect of Self-Compassion Training on the Self-Esteem and Perceived Stress of Mothers of Children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder. J Child Ment Health 2023; 9 (4) : 4
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-1096-en.html

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Volume 9, Issue 4 (Vol9 No4 Winter 2023- 2023) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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