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:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (Vol5 No4 Winter 2019 - 2019) ::
jcmh 2019, 5(4): 39-51 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Training Time-Based and Event-Based Prospective Memory Strategies on Prospective Memory Performance among Children with Attention Deficits Hyperactivity Disorder
Azam Bayanlou, Seyedeh Monavar Yazdi , Shokooh Sadat BaniJamali, Seyed Abolghasem Mehrinejad
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (763 Views)
Background and Purpose: Children with attention deficits hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a serious deficiency to planning, control of ongoing task and finish their future tasks. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of training time-based and event-based prospective memory strategies on prospective memory performance among ADHD.
Method: This experimental research method was ABAB’s single-subject design. The sample of the study consisted of 3 children aged 7-10 years old with ADHD in the primary school of Qom who were studying in the academic year of 2017-2018. They were selected through purposeful sampling. Each 3 children received 12 individually prospective memory training sessions. The instruments that used in the present study included prospective memory tasks (Kerns,2000), the Conners comprehensive behavior rating scale–teacher (Conners CBRS–T, 1998) and the Wechsler intelligence scale for children – fourth edition (WISC IV, 2003). For prospective memory training, the intervention program of Waldum, Dufault, Mcdaniel (2014) was adapted and used. To analyze the data visual analysis and cohen's d effect size were used.
Results: The results showed that in the time-based tasks, the number of fuel checks and in the event-based tasks, correct recognition number of cues in the treatment and follow-up sessions increased. In event-based tasks, the number of success was high in treatment and follow-up sessions. Th effect size of training prospective memory strategies were between 1.15- 2.7 which was a high effect size.
Conclusion: Training of prospective memory strategies lead to improve monitoring behaviors and correct detection of prospective tasks cues. As a result, prospevtive memory and future tasks performance improve in this children. 
Keywords: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, event-based prospective memory, strategy, time-based prospective memory
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/05/14 | Accepted: 2018/08/17 | Published: 2019/02/13
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Bayanlou A, Yazdi S M, BaniJamali S S, Mehrinejad S A. The Effectiveness of Training Time-Based and Event-Based Prospective Memory Strategies on Prospective Memory Performance among Children with Attention Deficits Hyperactivity Disorder. jcmh. 2019; 5 (4) :39-51
URL: http://childmentalhealth.ir/article-1-503-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 4 (Vol5 No4 Winter 2019 - 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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