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:: Volume 9, Issue 2 (Vol9 No2 Summer 2022- 2022) ::
J Child Ment Health 2022, 9(2): 36-49 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Problem Solving Training Program on the Attention Span of Students with Down Syndrome
Maryam Seidy1 , Gholam Ali Afrooz * 2, Leila Kashani Vahid3 , Ali Akbar Arjmandnia4 , Keivan Kakabaraee5
1- Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Psychology and Exceptional Children Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Psychology and Exceptional Children Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology University of Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Psychology, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
Abstract:   (1547 Views)
Background and Purpose: Attention span, as the most important cognitive function that plays a decisive role in learning, memory and perception, is impaired in children with intellectual disabilities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of problem-solving training on the attention span of students with Down syndrome.
Method: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest-follow-up and a control group design. The statistical population included all students with Down syndrome in Kermanshah in the academic year 2021-2022; 30 people were selected by the purposive sampling method and were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n=15) and the control group (n=15). The problem-solving training program was presented to the experimental group during 15 one-hour sessions once a week for 15 weeks. The data collection tool was the Rosvold,s continuous performance test. Data were analyzed using mixed repeated measures in the SPSS-24 software.
Results: Analysis of the data revealed a significant difference between the pre- and post-test scores on the attention domain subscales (P 0.05), but no significant difference between the posttest-follow-up scores (P>0.05).
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that problem-solving education improves the attention of students with Down syndrome; therefore, it is crucial to use this method as an effective cognitive program when educating children with Down syndrome.The implications of the results are discussed in this article.
Article number: 3
Keywords: Attention span, problem-solving education, students with Down syndrome
Full-Text [PDF 1185 kb]   (558 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/05/6 | Accepted: 2022/08/19 | Published: 2022/09/6
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Seidy M, Afrooz G A, Kashani Vahid L, Arjmandnia A A, Kakabaraee K. The Effectiveness of Problem Solving Training Program on the Attention Span of Students with Down Syndrome. J Child Ment Health 2022; 9 (2) : 3
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Volume 9, Issue 2 (Vol9 No2 Summer 2022- 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه سلامت روان کودک Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health
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